Research and Publication Ethics

Table of Contents

  1. General information
  2. Authorship criteria
  3. Authors’ obligations
  4. Editors’ obligations
  5. Reviewers’ obligations
  6. Processing after acceptance
  7. Steps to prevent research misconduct
  8. Post-publication discussion
  9. Complaints and appeal
  10. Conflicts of interest
  11. Statement of human rights
  12. Statement of informed consent


General information

EB&D aspires to become a good journal with highest level of scholarly integrity. Thus, we take plagiarism very seriously and expect any manuscript submitted to EB&D to be original. That means it should not have been published before and it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Journal is not considering multiple submission and redundant publications. Starting from January 2021 all new and revised submissions to EB&D are run through Crossref Similarity Check service powered by iThenticate. iThenticate is plagiarism checker that compares submissions against a database of 49 million works from 800 scholarly publishers. More information available at


Authorship criteria

EB&D recommends authorship to be based on the following criteria:

  • Substantial contribution on the conception and design of the work, as well as gathering, analyzing or interpreting data; and
  • Drafting or revising the work for important intellectual content; and
  • Final approval to the version to be published; and
  • Agreement to be accountable for all parts of the work in ensuring that accuracy and integrity of any part of the work is appropriately investigated and resolved.

Only the individuals who meet all the four criteria should be designated as authors. After the initial submission, adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order must be stated in a letter addressed to the editor and signed by all authors.

The Journal requires a corresponding author to be assigned. The corresponding author is responsible for communication with the journal and for all the administrative requirements in the process of submission, review and publication of the work.


Authors’ obligations

The Authors by submitting their papers to the Editorial Team should confirm that it is their original work, and commit themselves that in their contributions they will discuss the benefits of their research objectively, based on the publishing rules and guidelines of the Editorial Office.

Before submitting the manuscript authors declare that:

  • The paper is an outcome of author and if works of other authors have been used, it is explicitly stated in the paper;
  • The paper was not published elsewhere neither is considered for publication elsewhere.
  • The submitted work was not previously pre-published (technical report, working paper, web pages, conference proceedings, ); 
  • Paper is not an extension of some previously published work, and if so, the manuscript contains (on first page) reference(s) to previous paper(s).


Editors’ obligations

Editorial Board undertakes to ensure objective evaluation of the manuscript, solely on the basis of its academic qualities. The Board is strongly dedicated to provide the anonymous evaluation of the manuscript by the reviewers, as well as preserve the anonymity of reviewers. Members of the Editorial Board including the Editor-in-Chief must hold no conflict of interest with regard to the articles they consider for publication.

The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the Journal will be published, avoiding any conflict of interest. The decisions are solely based on the manuscript's evaluation respecting editorial policy and legal provisions relating to copyright infringement and plagiarism.


Reviewers’ obligations

Reviewers’ assessments, through the editorial communication with the author, help the writer in improving the paper and also help the editor in making decisions. The reviewer should take special consideration of the genuine contribution of the paper and further evaluates it for the consistence with the journal’s scope, the scientific relevance of the researched topic and applied methods.

Objectivity of reviews is indispensable. It is expected the reviewers to provide constructive suggestions in order to support the improvement of the paper quality. Reviewers should communicate their perspective clearly with supporting arguments.  No personal criticism of the author is acceptable.

Any paper is considered confidential and information or ideas found through paper assessment should not be used for reviewers’ advantage.


Processing after acceptance

The manuscript which is finally accepted is sent to English proofreading for any misspellings or errors by the authors. All published articles will be assigned a unique DOI number (DOI/CrossRef) and will be indexed in Google Scholar…….


Steps to prevent research misconduct

Economy, Business and Development: An International Journal will not publish papers if it is evident violation of scientific ethics. Any paper which indicate evident plagiarism, citation manipulation and data falsification/fabrication elements will be promptly withdrawn.

If any unethical activity is suspected and stated, the Editorial Board has an obligation to initiate an investigation. If any scientific misbehavior or plagiarism is proven, the publisher should take all necessary procedures to resolve the situation.

When managing unethical activities, the Editorial Board will predominantly rely on the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (

The Editorial Board of EB&D will not hesitate to publish errata, corrigenda, retractions, clarifications or apologies if needed.


Post-publication discussion

If a situation where a reader or the authors have detected any error in the manuscript after the publication or any information that should be revised, the Editorial Board can request the changes. The Editorial Board may consider erratum, corrigendum, or a retraction. If any revisions are made, the final draft should be announced by CrossMark description. Reader’s opinions are encouraged to be written in the form of Letter to the Editor which will be forwarded to the authors in order to reply to the reader’s letter. All the related materials should be published.


Complaints and appeal

The Editorial Board is also responsible for processing possibly raised complaints related to unethical misconduct in the published /submitted paper, that are submitted to the Editorial Board of the Economy, Business and Development: An International Journal. It will be also responsible to keep the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed.

The policy of handling complaints and appeals follows the COPE guidelines as noted


Conflicts of interest

All participants in the review and publication process – authors, reviewers, editors or editorial board member – must disclose all potential conflicts of interest in the process of fulfilling their roles. A conflict of interest is present when a participant in the process has any financial, personal or competing relationships which may result in biased actions.

Any financial or other considerable conflicts of interest that might impact the outcomes or their interpretation in the paper should be disclosed by all authors. If there are some sources of financial support for the research should be disclosed.

Reviewers must disclose to editors any relationships that could bias their opinions and activities toward the manuscript and when potential bias is present, the reviewer should recuse from the reviewing process.

Editors or other editorial staff members should disclose any potential conflict of interest or relationship to the manuscript under consideration. In this case, they should recuse themselves from the editorial decisions.


Statement of human rights

The authors should make sure that all the studies involving humans are in accordance with the guiding principles for preserving human rights. All the research participants should be clearly informed about the study in order to be able to make an “informed” consent to participate voluntarily.


Statement of informed consent

The identifiable information (ex. respondents’ names, dates of birth or other protected information) of human subjects involved in the study should not be disclosed in the publication.