Instructions for Authors


Author guidelines

EB&D aspires to become a good journal with highest level of scholarly integrity. Thus, we take plagiarism very seriously and expect any manuscript submitted to EB&D to be original. That means it should not have been published before and it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Journal is not considering multiple submission and redundant publications. Starting from January 2021 all new and revised submissions to EB&D are run through Crossref Similarity Check service powered by iThenticate. iThenticate is plagiarism checker that compares submissions against a database of 49 million works from 800 scholarly publishers. More information available at

Submission of a manuscript is online through platform. In order to proceed with the submission a user account of the author should be created. If there are multiple authors, their names should be listed in order in which they should be added for publishing. In order to ensure the authors’ anonymity and to facilitate the double-blind review process, two separate files should be uploaded:

1) Title page: Title, author(s) name, title, affiliation, address and e-mail address.

 2) Main document: an anonymous file of the manuscript with no author(s) details.

Papers submitted for publication in the Economy, Business and Development: An International Journal must be written in English and although not limited to them, they should include the following components: abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology, results and findings, conclusion and a list of references. All references in the the list of references must be cited in the text and vise versa. A link to publisher version with DOI should be provided for all works that have one. Papers should be arranged within the following guidelines:



File type: MS Word
Paper size: A4
Margins: 3.0 cm on top and bottom, and and 2.5 cm on left and right sided

Indentation: Left:0, Right:0, Special:0

Font: Arial, 12 pt.

Text: Single-spaced, justified

Paper length: up to 15 pages




Up to 250 words, describing the research objectives and conclusions (italic, 10 pt)
Up to five keywords (italic, 10 pt)
Up to 6 JEL classification codes (italic, 10 pt)

The available JEL codes may be accessed at:



Headings must be clearly defined
Two empty lines before headings and one empty line after
Headings: bold, Sentence case, 12 pt, aligned left
Subheadings: italic, Sentence case, 11 pt, aligned left.

Paragraphs in the main text


Font size: 10 pt;
Style: normal;
Spacing: Before: 0, After: 0;
Line spacing: single;
One line space between paragraphs.



Tables must be made in Word or Word compatible format (tables should be transferred into Word format), font size: 9 pt.
Tables, graphs etc. should be placed in the text at the appropriate paragraph.They should not be wider than the margins of the paper
Each figure, graph or picture should also be sent in a separate file.
Tables, graphs etc. should be appropriately named and numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals e.g.: Table 1. Title of table; Title: above the table, graph etc.; Font 11 pt, centered;
Source: under the table, graph etc.; Font 9 pt.



Figures, graphs and pictures should be high-quality grayscale graphics



Formulas should be created using Microsoft Equation Editor.

In-text references


Any in-text reference should include the author’s surname and the year of the work. For works with more than three authors use First author’s surname et al.

Reference list


Depending on the nature of the sentence/paragraph, references to sources may be cited in the following manners:

Author (year) or (Author, year)
When a direct quote is used: “Quotation” (Author, year, page number)



EBD uses Harvard referencing style. References should be arranged in alphabetic order of authors’ surname and chronologically for multiple works by the same author. References should not be numbered or bulleted. Please follow the following guidelines for referencing:

For books


Surname, initials (year), title of book, publisher, place of publication.

e.g. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.

For book chapters


Surname, initials (year), "chapter title", editor's surname, initials (Ed.), title of book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.

e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp.15-20.

For journals


Surname, initials (year), "title of article", journal name, volume issue, page numbers.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), "Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp.72-80.

For published conference proceedings


Surname, initials (year of publication), "title of paper", in editor’s surname, initials (Ed.), title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.

e.g. Wilde, S. and Cox, C. (2008), “Principal factors contributing to the competitiveness of tourism destinations at varying stages of development”, in Richardson, S., Fredline, L., Patiar A., & Ternel, M. (Ed.s), CAUTHE 2008: Where the 'bloody hell' are we?, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, pp.115-118.

For unpublished conference proceedings


Surname, initials (year), "title of paper", paper presented at [name of conference], [date of conference], [place of conference], available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).

e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), "Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki", paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at: (accessed 20 February 2007).

For working papers


Surname, initials (year), "title of article", working paper [number if available], institution or organization, place of organization, date.

e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), "How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments", working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.

For encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor)


Title of encyclopaedia (year), "title of entry", volume, edition, title of encyclopaedia, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926), "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp.765-771.

(for authored entries, please refer to book chapter guidelines above)

For newspaper articles (authored)


Surname, initials (year), "article title", newspaper, date, page numbers.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008), "Money for old rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp.1, 3-4.

For newspaper articles (non-authored)


Newspaper (year), "article title", date, page numbers.

e.g. Daily News (2008), "Small change", 2 February, p.7.

For archival or other unpublished sources


Surname, initials (year), "title of document", unpublished manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive.

e.g. Litman, S. (1902), "Mechanism & Technique of Commerce", unpublished manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

For electronic sources


If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as the date that the resource was accessed.

Surname, initials (year), “title of electronic source”, available at: persistent URL (accessed date month year).

e.g. Weida, S. and Stolley, K. (2013), “Developing strong thesis statements”, available at: (accessed 20 June 2020)

Standalone URLs, i.e. those without an author or date, should be included either inside parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).

For data


Surname, initials (year), title of dataset, name of data repository, available at: persistent URL, (accessed date month year).

e.g. Campbell, A. and Kahn, R.L. (2015), American National Election Study, 1948, ICPSR07218-v4, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor), Ann Arbor, MI, available at: (accessed 20 June 2020)