IMMAGEABILITY ASYMMETRY IN MENTAL LEXICON OF CROATIAN APHASICS AND HEALTHY SPEAKERS

  • Anita Peti-Stantić University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Vlasta Erdeljac University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Jana Willer-Gold University College London, United Kingdom
  • Martina Sekulić University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Keywords: imageability, aphasics, PALPA test, grammatical complexity and task complexity

Abstract

Imageability has been argued to induce asymmetry in processing of nominal lexical units as this feature of the mental lexicon is sensitive to the organization of the conceptual system. Double modality of the representation of high imageable nouns in the mental lexicon, contrasted with single representation in low imageable nouns is argued to facilitate the processing of a concrete noun and slow down successful retrieval, access and any further processing of an abstract noun. The aim of this study is to investigate whether there is a variation in the semantic processing of high and low imageable words in people with aphasia compared to the healthy control speakers when presented with a visual or auditive stimulus. Conducted research was designed to examine the processing of the lexical feature of imageability and hence included four tests from PALPA battery of tests adapted for Croatian: Auditory Synonym Judgement, Written Synonym Judgement and Word Semantic Association. To reduce the effect of perceptive impairments, general semantic processing was verified by conducting two follow-up PALPA comprehension tests: Spoken Word-Picture Matching and Written Word-Picture Matching. The study included 30 aphasic participants and 30 paired healthy participants; all native speakers of Croatian. In line with the predictions, there was a statistically significant difference between experimental and control group; the experimental group further confirmed the predictions by achieving significantly lower results with respect to low imageable words. Difficulties in recognition of low imageable words in aphasics confirm the existing variations in the organization of processing pathways. The main finding of the research demonstrates that the aphasics, especially Broca’s aphasics, have problems when processing complex psycholinguistic tasks, as well as complex structures involved both in the grammatical and conceptual representations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Altarriba, Jeanette, Lisa M. Bauer and Claudia Benvenuto (1999). Concreteness, context availability, and imageability ratings and word associations for abstract, concrete, and emotion words. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 31 (4), 578-602.
Bird H., Franklin, S., & Howard, D. (2001). Age of acquisition and imageability ratings for a large set of words, including verbs and function words. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 33, 73–79. doi:10.3758/BF03195349
Bock, K. & Levelt, W. (1994). Language production. Grammatical encoding. In: Handbook of psycholinguistics, ed. M. A. Gernsbacher. Academic Press.
Caramelli, Nicoletta, Annalisa Setti and Donatella D. Maurizzi (2004). Concretet and Abstract Concepts in School Age Children. Psychology of Language and Communication 2004, Vol. 8, No. 2, 19-34.
Coltheart, M. (1981). The MRC psycholinguistic database. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 33, 497–505. doi:10.1080/ 14640748108400805
Cortese, M. J. & Fugett, A. (2004). Imageability ratings for 3,000 monosyllabic words. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 384–387. doi:10.3758/BF03195585
Dellantonio, Sara, Claudio Mulatti, Luigi Pastore and Remo Job (2014). Measuring inconsistencies can lead you forward: Imageability and the x-ception theory. Frontiers in Psychology, July 2014, Vol 5, Article 708, 1-9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00708.
Della Rosa, P. A., Catricalà, E., Vigliocco, G., & Cappa, S. F. (2010). Beyond the abstract–concrete dichotomy:Mode of acquisition, concreteness, imageability, familiarity, age of acquisition, context availability, and abstractness norms for a set of 417 Italian words. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 1042–1048. doi:10.3758/BRM. 42.4.1042
Desrochers, A. & Thompson, G. L. (2009). Subjective frequency and imageability ratings for 3,600 French nouns. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 546–557. doi:10.3758/BRM.41.2.546
Erdeljac, Vlasta, Sekulić Sović, Martina, Willer-Gold, Jana, Biočina, Zdravka, Čolović, Nina, Dragojević, Ema, Feldman, Eva, Jelovac, Tara, Masnikosa, Irina, Rosandić, Dorotea (2014). Leksičko obilježje predočivosti u mentalnom leksikonu osoba s afazijom, Govor: časopis za fonetiku, 31, 1; 29-47
Frattali, C. M., Thompson C. M., Holland A. L., Wohl C. B., Ferketic M. M. (1995). The FACS of life ASHA facs - a functional outcome measure for adults. ASHA 37(4): 40-46.
Gerber, S. and Gurland, G. B. (1989). Applied Pragmatics in the Assessment of Aphasia. Seminars in Speech and Language. Issue 4. doi: 10.1055/s-00000076.
Goldstein, Gerald and Beers, Sue R. (eds). (2003). Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Intellectual and Neuropsychological Assessment. Wiley
Goodglass, Harold & Wingfield, Arthur (1997). Neuroanatomical and Cognitive Correlates. A volume in Foundations of Neuropsychology. Elsevier.
Gvion, A. & N. Friedmann (2013). A selective deficit in imageable concepts: a window to the organization of the conceptual system; Frontiers in human neuroscience; 7; 1-13.
Jackendoff, Ray (1972). Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kay, J. et al. (1992). Psycholinguistic Assessment of Language Processing in Aphasia (PALPA). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Kay et al. (1996). Psycholinguistic assessments of language processing in Aphasia (PALPA): An introduction. Aphasiology 10(2):159-180
Lesser, Rut and Milroy, Lesley (1993). Linguistics and Aphasia: Psycholinguistic and Pragmatic Aspects of Intervention. Routledge.
Libben, Gary (2008). Disorders of lexis. in: Stemmer, Brigitte and Harry A. Whitacker (eds.) Handbook of the neuroscience of language. 147-154.
Lind, M., H. G., Hansen, P., Holm, E.,&Mevik, B.-H. (2015). Norwegian words: A lexical database for clinicians and researchers. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 29, 276–290.
Nickels, Lindsay and Howard, David (1995). Aphasic Naming - What Matters. Neuropsychologia 33(10):1281-1303.
Noordzij M., Tripepi G., Dekker, F. W., Zoccali, C., Tanck, M. W., Jager, K. J. (2010). Sample size calculations: basic principles and common pitfalls. Nephrol Dial Transplant 25(10):3461-2.
Paivio, A., Yuille, J. C.,& Madigan, S. A. (1968). Concreteness, imagery, and meaningfulness values for 925 nouns. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 76 (1, Pt. 2), 1–25. doi:10.1037/h0025327
Paivio, Allan (1971). Imagery and Language, in: Imagery: Current Cognitive Approaches, ed. Sydney Joelson Segal, Academic Press. 9-35.
Paivio, Allan (1986, 1990, 1991). Mental representations: A dual coding approach. New York: Oxford University Press.
Paivio, Allan (2010). Dual coding theory and the mental lexicon, The Mental Lexicon; 5 (2); 205–230.
Peti-Stantić, Anita; Erdeljac, Vlasta; Willer-Gold, Jana (2014). Imagebility Asymetry in Mental Lexicon of Croatian Aphasics and Healthy Speakers, The ninth international conference on the mental lexicon, poster presentation at Brock University, MacMaster University.
Peti-Stantić, Anita, Erdeljac, Vlasta, Willer Gold, Jana (2015). Complexity matters: semantic availability of Croatian Broca’s aphasics. Psycho- and neurolinguistic approaches to the grammar- lexicon distinction, Copenhagen, Danska (conference presentation) http://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/817375.PETI-STANTIC_et_al._COMPLEXITY_MATTERS_COPENHAGEN_2015.pdf
Plaut, D. C. and Shallice, T. (1991). Preservative and semantic influences on visual object naming errors in optic aphasia: A connectionist account. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 89–117.
Rofes, A., deAguiar V., & Miceli G. (2015). A minimal standardization setting for language mapping tests: An Italian example. Neurological Sciences, 36, 1113–1119.
Rofes, Adrià, Lilla Zakariás, Klaudia Ceder, Marianne Lind, Monica Blom Johansson, Vânia de Aguiar, Jovana Bjekić, Valantis Fyndanis, Anna Gavarró, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Carlos Hernández Sacristán, Maria Kambanaros, Jelena Kuvač Kraljević, Silvia Martínez-Ferreiro, İlknur Mavis, Carolina Méndez Orellana, Ingrid Sör, Ágnes Lukács, Müge Tunçer, Jasmina Vuksanović, Amaia Munarriz Ibarrola, Marie Pourquie, Spyridoula Varlokosta, David Howard (2017). Imageability ratings across languages, Behavior Research Methods, Springer Verlag, 1-11. doi: 10.3758/s13428-017-0936-0
Sabsevitz, D. S. et al. (2005). Modulation of semantic system by word imageability; NeuroImage; 27; 188–200.
Simonsen, H. G., Lind, M., Hansen, P., Holm, E.,& Mevik, B.-H. (2013). Imageability of Norwegian nouns, verbs and adjectives in a crosslinguistic perspective. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 27, 435–446. doi:10.3109/02699206.2012.752527
Schock, J., Cortese, M. J., & Khanna, M. M. (2012). Imageability estimates for 3,000 disyllabic words. Behavior Research Methods, 44, 374–379. doi:10.3758/s13428-011-0162-0
Snedeker, Jesse (2009). Word Learning. in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. ed. Larry R. Squire, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 503-508.
Stemmer, Brigitte and Harry A. Whitaker (eds.) (2008). Handbook of the Neuroscience of Language. Elsevier.
Wertz, Robert T. (1996). Aphasia in acute stroke: Incidence, determinants, and recovery, Annals of Neurology, 129-130. doi: 10.1002/ana.410400125
Seyhan, Azade. 2001. Writing Outside the Nation. Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Published
2019-10-17
Section
Lingustics. Linguodidactics